Dreamweaver Preferences

  1. Launch Dreamweaver
  2. Choose Edit->Preferences
    • General
    • Accessibility, choose
      • Show Attibutes When Inserting: check all boxes
    • Code Format, choose
      • Unix Line break type
      • lowercase
      • quote attributes
      • use DIV tag
    • Invisible Elements, choose
      • Line breaks
      • Image Maps
      • JavaScripts
    • New Document, choose
      • HTML
      • .Make document XHTML compliant
    • Validator, choose
      • XHTML 1.0 transitional

Clean up the web server ~ ONID at OSU

If you’ve been storing files, experimenting, and building web sites for fun on your OSU ONID web server, it’s probably time to clean up the space—the public_html directory as well as other areas.

Cleanup is important before beginning a new web project, as you won’t want any old files confusing you or confusing the dynamic functions you’ll be using.

  • Delete files you know you won’t use again.
  • Move files you’re aren’t sure about into a temp directory.
  • Put files for each web site in separate directories; each named similar to the site name. For instance:
    • oregonstate.edu/~oniduserid/vietnam
    • oregonstate.edu/~oniduserid/juggling
    • oregonstate.edu/~oniduserid/cs195

Teach to learn

Requiring students to share what they have learned helps them more fully understand and retain the new knowledge.

Dr. Gary Phillips of the National School Improvement Project makes this claim:

People retain learned material at the following levels:

  • 10% of what we hear
  • 15% of what we see
  • 30% of what we see and hear
  • 80% of what we experience actively
  • 90% of what we teach others

Course Logistics

By following these guidelines, you’ll succeed in this course:

  • Check Bb frequently for announcements and solutions.
  • Ask technical questions and provide alternative methods in class and the weekly forums so I can answer them for everyone.
    • If you need help getting your code to work:
      1. Use Dreamweaver’s Results panel to see what errors it finds.
      2. Ask questions in the Forum and check back later for answers.
      3. Come in during office hours.
      4. If all three of those methods fail to help solve your problem, email me. I check email every day. Send the URL of the page on the server in the email.
      5. If you have questions about your grade, then use email (it’s a private matter).
  • Add all work to your ONID or ENG server space and submit the URL in Blackboard.
  • Read the textbook(s), my lecture notes, and tutorials to see three different ways to accomplish the same tasks.
    • Print the lecture materials and deliverable page prior to class so you can ask questions and keep notes on the same page.
    • Try what you read.
    • Put in the necessary time.
  • Refrain from using Frames. But experiment with iframes.
  • Refrain from using adult content in your site, or anything illegal.
  • Title all emails with the course number (CS 195 or CS 295).
    • This is a requirement!
    • I get more than 100 emails per day and yours are the most important, so help me find them.

Review of necessary skills

Readings

HTML for the World Wide Web, 5th Ed.
Pages 13 to 82. For review.
Differences Between XHTML and HTML
W3Schools; excellent tutorials, references, examples, quizzes, and exam certification.
Web Quality Assurance Tutorial
W3Schools.

Necessary Skills

This course will continue to open up the possibilites available to you inside the Web. To be successful in this class and find the passion many of us have to use the Web to its potential, ascertain if you have most or all of these traits and skills.

TraitsSkills
  • Creative thinker
  • Troubleshooter
  • Investigator
  • Interested
  • Entrepeneural
  • Available
  • Collaborator
  • Organized
  • Understanding of the web server’s jobs
  • Basic .html
  • Basic image optimizing
  • Sense of design and typography
  • Clean file structuring
  • Accurate typist

Pre-assessments

Take all three quizzes and review all topics you had trouble with. If you score below 50% on the HTML quiz, work through the W3Schools tutorials by the end of the week to see if you’re more comfortable with the content of this course.

HTML Quiz
W3Schools. In 5 minutes these 20 questions will let you know if this class if for you.
XHTML Quiz
W3Schools offers excellent tutorials, examples, and quizzes. Find out in 5 minutes if you need to brush up on the transitional markup standards.
CSS Quiz
W3Schools offers excellent tutorials, examples, and quizzes. Find out in 5 minutes if you’re ready for this class. Find out in 5 minutes if you need to brush up on.

Survey

So that I can tailor my instruction to work for all students, I need a good indication of your skills, system set up, and interests. Please take the survey by the second day of class.

 

Languages of the Internet

Readings

W3 Schools Glossary
Comprehensive terms and explanations.

These definitions come from a variety of online sources. Click the term to read more about it.

HTML
Hypertext Markup Language is a formatting language used for documents on the World Wide Web. HTML files are plain text files with formatting Codes that tell browsers such as the Netscape Navigator how to display text, position graphics and form items, and display links to other pages.
XHTML
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language, a stricter remaking of HTML as an application of XML. The successor to HTML.
DHTML
Dynamic HTML, a mixture of standards including HTML, style sheets, the Document Object Model and scripting.
SHTML
(Server-parsed HTML) A file extension used to identify HTML pages that contain server-side includes. This extension is not required.
PHP
Hypertext Preprocessor, an open source, server-side, HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic Web pages. In an HTML document, PHP script (similar syntax to that of Perl or C ) is enclosed within special PHP tags. Because PHP is embedded within tags, the author can jump between HTML and PHP (similar to ASP and Cold Fusion) instead of having to rely on heavy amounts of code to output HTML. And, because PHP is executed on the server, the client cannot view the PHP code. PHP can perform any task that any CGI program can do, but its strength lies in its compatibility with many types of databases.
JavaScript
JavaScript is a simple scripting language that is sent as text and compiled on the client before execution. It was created by Netscape-not Sun Microsystems or JavaSoft. Originally named LiveScript, JavaScript code (which is unrelated to Sun’s Java language) is designed to be embedded into HTML documents. It is a competitor to Microsoft’s VBScript.
CSS
Cascading Style Sheets were created in 1997 with the introduction of the HTML 4.0 Standard. Style sheets let an HTML author create an overall consistent design and layout for Web pages. There are three parts to CSS: the styles, their placement, and the fact they can cascade.
SSI
Server Site Includes are server-parsed pages, meaning the server scans the page for commands that require additional insertion before the page is sent to the user. back to top SMTP server Short for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol for sending e-mail messages between servers. Most e-mail systems that send mail over the Internet use SMTP to send messages from one server to another; the messages can then be retrieved with an e-mail client using either POP or IMAP.
XML
eXtensible Mark-up Language, a specification developed by the W3C. XML is a pared-down version of Standard Generalised Mark-Up Language, designed especially for Web documents. It allows designers to create their own customised tags, enabling the definition, transmission, validation, and interpretation of data between applications and between organizations.
RSS
Quoting the official RSS v1.0 specification: ‘RDF Site Summary (RSS) is a lightweight multipurpose extensible metadata description and syndication format. RSS is an XML application, conforms to the W3C’s RDF specification and is extensible via XML-namespace and/or RDF based modularization.’ Here’s a tamer description: RSS is a format for syndicating news and the content of news-like sites, including major news sites like Wired, news-oriented community sites like Slashdot, and personal weblogs.
 
XSLT
XSL Transformations, a language for transforming XML documents into other XML documents. XSLT is designed for use as part of XSL, which is a style sheet language for XML. In addition to XSLT, XSL includes an XML vocabulary for specifying formatting. XSLT is a W3C specification but also part 2 of the XSL specification.
SOAP
Interfaces with XML to deliver web services.
WML
Wireless Markup Language which was formerly known as HDML (Handheld Devices Markup Language). WML is a language that allows the text portions of Web pages to be displayed on mobile phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs) via wireless access. WML is part of the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) that is being proposed by several vendors to standards bodies.
MathML
MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content. The goal of MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text.
.NET
Microsoft’s set of software technologies for connecting information, people, systems, and devices. The technology is based on Web services—small building-block applications that can connect to each other as well as to other, larger applications over the Internet.
ASPX
ASP

File Transfers ~ OSU only

Addresses

html: http://www.onid.orst.edu
shell: shell.onid.oregonstate.edu
ftp: ftp.onid.orst.edu

FTP using MacOS X from off campus

  1. From the Finder menu, select Go->Connect to servers.
  2. Type afp://onid-fs.onid.orst.edu/ in the server address field.
    • Type your ONID UserID and Password when prompted.
      • Your name may be in the name field but you’ll want to replace it with your ONID userID.
      • If you are not prompted for the userID and password, then try it again; you won’t be able to transfer files to the web server without authenticating the login.
  3. Open the public_html folder.
    • View by files rather than folders to see the organization of directories and files at a glance.
  4. Drag and drop files into the public_html folder.
    • Keep the organization of files and folders the same as you have on your hard drive to keep from breaking links within the html documents.

For other Mac OS X or 9 options, see the ONID site.

FTP with Dreamweaver

FTP with ONID

SSH to the database

  • You ssh into shell.onid.oregonstate.edu as normal, then execute
    • mysql -h oniddb.cws.oregonstate.edu -u -p
    • You will be prompted for a password. It is the password supplied on the ONID Web Database page.
  • Or you can execute
    • mysql -h oniddb.cws.oregonstate.edu -u[onid login] -p[onidDB password]
    • so that you don’t have to wait for a prompt. Also for your onid login, you have to precede it with ‘onid_’ before you type in your onid login.
      • This actually beats using the prompt because you actually get to see your password as you input it, which saves you a lot of trouble, since the password is also case sensitive.

Recommended Reading

Macromedia Dreamweaver Advanced for Windows & Macintosh
J. Tarin Towers, Sasha Magee, Abie Hadjitarkhani. Visual QuickPro Guide. Peachpit Press.
Photoshop 7 for Windows & Macintosh
Elaine Weinmann, Peter Lourekas. Visual Quickstart Guide. Peachpit Press.
HTML for the World Wide Web, 5th Ed.
With XHTML and CSS. Elizabeth Castro. Visual Quickstart Guide. Peachpit Press.
Supplemental web site
Download example files
JavaScript for the World Wide Web,
4th Edition
By Tom Negrino, Dori Smith. Visual QuickStart Guide. Includes companion site and online version with 14-day free trial.
Designing Web Usability: The Practice of Simplicity
Jakob Nielsen. 1999. New Riders; 1st edition (December 1999) Nielson is the authority in usability. If Web Development is your field, buy this one or the next one.
Homepage Usability: 50 Websites Deconstructed
Jakob Nielsen, Marie Tahir. New Riders; 1st edition (November 5, 2001)
Optimizing Flow in Web Design
Andrew King. Sample Chapter. New Riders. Jul 11, 2003.
Attracting Return Visitors
David deBoer. InformIT. Jan 31, 2003.